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The KHOU-TV Collection - News Clips, January 1963

Houston Metropolitan Research Center

Sound | 1963

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  •  Gov John Connally 1st Leg Address, 01/16/63: In his first address to the Texas Legislature, Governor John Connally comments on the slant-hole drilling scandal and advocates for the repeal of the poll tax.  
  •  Connally recommends the creation of the Governor’s Committee of Education Beyond the High School.  
  •  Untruce (Galv), 01/17/63 
  •  P.O. St (Galv), 01/22/63: Houses near the corner of Post Office and 26th Streets in Galveston. 
  •  Dr Barnes AMA, 01/31/63: A doctor identifies cigarette smoking as a direct cause of lung cancer. While studies found a statistical correlation between smoking and cancer as early as the 1930s, the American Medical Association did not formally recognize the harmful effects of smoking until the 1964 Surgeon General’s Report on Smoking and Health. 
  •  AMA Prexy, 01/31/63 
  •  Fed Theft 4.5 Million: Individuals wait outside a courtroom.  
  •  Attic Artist: Feature on a local tattoo artist.  
  •  Burr Runey [sic] (U.H.): Dr. H. Burr Roney, a professor at the University of Houston, explains concepts of modern genetics.  
  •  Galv City Council (Hears Ko[?]): Inside a meeting of the Galveston City Council.  
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This film from KHOU-TV Channel 11 in Houston contains a series of short news segments that would have aired as highlights to news stories. Many are silent and would have been voiced over by the anchorperson during a live broadcast. The titles for each segment are the originals created by KHOU-TV. The clips on this reel all date from January 1963. This series includes news segments about Governor John Connally’s first address to the Texas Legislature, the correlation between smoking and lung cancer, and a local tattoo artist.
The digital preservation of this collection was made possible by a grant to the Texas Archive of the Moving Image and the Houston Public Library from the Texas State Library and Archives Commission and the U.S. Institute of Museum and Library Services.
Many more films from the KHOU-TV Collection are available on the Houston Public Library Houston Area Digital Archives website.
The 38th Texas State Governor, John Bowden Connally Jr., was born on a farm near Floresville, Texas, on February 27, 1917. Connally graduated from the University of Texas in 1941 with a law degree and was subsequently admitted to the State Bar of Texas. He began his political career as a legislative assistant to Representative Lyndon B. Johnson in 1939. The two retained a close but often torrid friendship until LBJ’s death. After returning from U.S. Naval combat in the Pacific Theater, Connally joined an influential Austin law firm, served as LBJ’s campaign manager and aide, and became oil tycoon Sid W. Richardson’s legal counsel. Connally’s reputation as a political mastermind was solidified after managing five of LBJ’s major political campaigns, including the 1964 presidential election. In 1961, Connally served as Secretary of the Navy under President John F. Kennedy.
Wealthy financiers like Sid Richardson and a strong grass-roots network of supporters helped Connally win his first gubernatorial election in 1962. The three-term governor fought to expand higher education by increasing teachers’ salaries, creating new doctoral programs, and establishing the Texas Commission on the Arts and the Texas Historical Commission. In 1969, President Richard Nixon appointed Connally to the foreign-intelligence advisory board. He was named the sixty-first Secretary of Treasury in 1971. Connally became one of the President’s principal advisors and headed the Democrats for Nixon organization, finally switching to the Republican Party in 1973. Connally is also remembered nationally for being in the car with President Kennedy during his assasination in Dallas in 1963, when Connally received wounds in his chest, wrist, and thigh. 
The former Texas governor announced in January 1979 that he would seek the Republican presidential nomination. His campaign was abandoned after media attacks over a controversial public speech and bank partnership. Financial troubles befell Connally by the mid 1980s after a real estate development partnership with former Texas Representative Ben Barnes collapsed. John Connally died on June 15, 1993 and is interred at the Texas State Cemetery in Austin.
In April 1961, an established East Texas oil well suddenly began producing mud instead of oil. The cause: Another driller, hoping to illegally tap into the oil pool, had pierced the well’s tubing instead. The Railroad Commission of Texas launched an investigation, exposing a widespread piracy enterprise. After the scandal broke in 1962, state and federal investigators found that more than a hundred independent operators in Texas employed directional wells. Such wells used illegal slant drilling to steal what amounted to hundreds of millions of dollars worth of oil from neighboring pools. Several Railroad Commission employees were fired or resigned as a result of the probe. Implicated operators, meanwhile, faced lawsuits from wronged oil companies and federal charges under the Connally Hot Oil Act.