• Prior Knowledge Prior Knowledge
  • Hook Hook
  • Lesson Lesson
  • Independent Practice Independent Practice
  • Resources Resources
  • Lesson Plan Use Lesson Plan Use
  1. Students are familiar with the concept of a biography.
  2. Students understand the period of time represented by the 20th century.
  1. As a class, explore the phrase “Notable 20th Century Texan.”
    1. Start by first asking the class to answer these questions:
      1. What makes someone notable?
      2. In what ways might someone be notable?
      3. Collect answers on the board.
      4. Who have we studied so far this year that would be considered a notable Texan?
        1. Divide the board into half and document their answers on one part of the board.
        2. Ask the class to indicate any of the individuals that were alive in the 20th century and then move these individuals to the other side of the board.  
    2. Brainstorm additional 20th century Texans as a class.
      1. Discuss what types of contributions each person has made.
        1. Do they fit into one of these categories: politics, business, culture, or science?
  2. In which category was the class able to identify the most notable Texans? Discuss.
  1. Announce to the class that they will be viewing a number of short videos featuring notable Texans.  Before showing each film:
    1. Ask students what they know about each individual
    2. Share biographical information about each individual from your text book, The Handbook of Texas History Online (links are included below), or another reputable source
      1. Horton Foote (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/ffomk)
      2. J. Frank Dobie (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fdo02)  
      3. Sam Rayburn (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fra49) 
      4. Henry B. González (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fgo76)
      5. Oveta Culp Hobby (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fho86) 
      6. Barbara Jordan (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fjoas)
      7. Lyndon B. Johnson (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fjo19) 
      8. Denton Cooley and Michael DeBakey (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/sdh01)
  2. Show each film clip separately:
    1. Denton Cooley in The KHOU-TV Collection – News Clips, May 1 - 3, 1968
    2. Michael DeBakey in The KHOU-TV Collection – An Odyssey Within
    3. Horton Foote in Interview with Horton Foote
    4. J. Frank Dobie in Cactus Pryor Interviews J. Frank Dobie (1963)
    5. Sam Rayburn in Mr. Speaker
    6. Henry B. González in The Avena-Wilson Collection, no. 13 - Hubert Humphrey Rally in San Antonio (1968)
    7. Oveta Culp Hobby in LBJ Ranch Barbecue for U.N. Ambassadors (1963)
    8. Barbara Jordan (choose one)
    9. Lyndon B. Johnson (choose one)
  3. After each film, discuss as a class how this individual fits in to the parameters of a "Notable 20th Century Texan."
    1. In which area (culture, business, science, or politics) is this individual notable?
    2. How are the contributions or advancements made by these notable Texans still seen in Texas today?
    3. Which 21st century Texans are making advancements in these areas?
    4. How are they similar or different from their predecessors?
    5. How are these Texans different from than those we’ve studied from earlier times?
Individuals or student groups should choose another 20th century Texan from the grade-specific list below.  Then, each student (or student group) should research their notable Texans and create a presentation for the class. The Handbook of Texas History Online is a good starting point for their research.
Grade 4 Presentation Idea
Students will write a short description of their chosen Texan in their own words and draw a picture of the individual.  The descriptions and images will be compiled into a storybook about notable 20th century Texans that will be read aloud in class by each of its contributors.  Stories should include a description of why the person is notable, what they accomplished and how they are Texan. The images should incorporate both concepts as well. 
Grade 7 Presentation Idea
Students will create a poster presentation.  The presentation will include visuals of their notable Texan, relating to their area of influence (politics, science, culture, business), and representing the area of the state that the individual called home.   Students should also create a biography of the individual in their own words and citing the sources they have used.  Students will present their poster presentation to the class by reading the biography and explaining their image choices.  Note: Students can take screenshots of film clips from The Texas Archive of the Moving Image, and The Portal to Texas History is also a good source for archival images relating to notable Texans.
Grade 4
Millie Hughes-Fulford
Lydia Mendoza
Chelo Silva
Julius Lorenzo Cobb Bledsoe
Ann Richards
James A. Baker III
Clara Driscoll
John Tower
Scott Joplin
Audie Murphy
Cleto Rodríguez
Stanley Marcus
Bessie Coleman
Raul A. Gonzalez Jr.
Grade 7
James L. Farmer Jr. 
Hector P. Garcia 
Jane McCallum 
Lulu Belle Madison White 
John Nance Garner (Cactus Jack) 
James A. Baker III 
Kay Bailey Hutchison
Raymond L. Telles
Raul A. Gonzalez Jr. 
Roy Bedichek
Diane Gonzales Bertrand
Scott Joplin 
Amado Peña Jr.
Walter Prescott Webb 
Benjy Brooks
Michael Dell 
Howard S. Hughes, Sr.
Walter Cunningham
Social Studies, Grade 4
5C -  Identify the accomplishments of notable individuals such as John Tower, Scott Joplin, Audie Murphy, Cleto Rodríguez, Stanley Marcus, Bessie Coleman, Raul A. Gonzalez Jr., and other local notable individuals
17A - Identify important individuals who have participated voluntarily in civic affairs at state and local levels such as Adina de Zavala and Clara Driscoll
17D - Identify the importance of historical figures and important individuals who modeled active participation in the democratic process such as Sam Houston, Barbara Jordan, Lorenzo de Zavala, Ann Richards, Sam Rayburn, Henry B. González, James A. Baker III, Wallace Jefferson, and other local individuals
19C - Summarize the contributions of people of various racial, ethnic, and religious groups in the development of Texas such as Lydia Mendoza, Chelo Silva, and Julius Lorenzo Cobb Bledsoe
20A - Identify famous inventors and scientists such as Gail Borden, Joseph Glidden, Michael DeBakey, and Millie Hughes-Fulford and their contributions
21A - Differentiate between, locate, and use valid primary and secondary sources such as computer software; interviews; biographies; oral, print, and visual material; documents; and artifacts to acquire information about the United States and Texas
22B - Incorporate main and supporting ideas in verbal and written communication
22C - Express ideas orally based on research and experiences
22D - Create written and visual material such as journal entries, reports, graphic organizers, outlines, and bibliographies
22E - Use standard grammar, spelling, sentence structure, and punctuation
Social Studies, Grade 7
7D - Describe and compare the civil rights and equal rights movements of various groups in Texas in the 20th century and identify key leaders in these movements, including James L. Farmer Jr., Hector P. Garcia, Oveta Culp Hobby, Lyndon B. Johnson, the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC), Jane McCallum, and Lulu Belle Madison White
18B - Identify the contributions of Texas leaders, including Lawrence Sullivan "Sul" Ross, John Nance Garner ("Cactus Jack"), James A. Baker III, Henry B. González, Kay Bailey Hutchison, Barbara Jordan, Raymond L. Telles, Sam Rayburn, and Raul A. Gonzalez Jr.
19D - Identify contributions to the arts by Texans such as Roy Bedichek, Diane Gonzales Bertrand, J. Frank Dobie, Scott Joplin, Elisabet Ney, Amado Peña Jr., Walter Prescott Webb, and Horton Foote
20B - Identify Texas leaders in science and technology such as Walter Cunningham, Michael DeBakey, Denton Cooley, Benjy Brooks, Michael Dell, and Howard Hughes Sr.
21A - Differentiate between, locate, and use valid primary and secondary sources such as computer software, databases, media and news services, biographies, interviews, and artifacts to acquire information about Texas
22B - Use standard grammar, spelling, sentence structure, punctuation, and proper citation of sources
22D - Create written, oral, and visual presentations of social studies information
All content in this lesson plan is copyright of the Texas Archive of the Moving Image. Use of this lesson plan is free to educators for classroom use. It may not be reproduced without credit or used for commercial purposes.