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The Assassination of President Kennedy, Part I (1978)

Jay Moore

Sound | 1978

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  •  "Well Mr. President, you can't say Dallas doesn't love you," the words of Nellie Connally, the wife of the governor of Texas on November 22, 1963. Until then there had been good reason to doubt it. Kennedy's brand of liberalism was not popular in the Lone Star State, and even that day these leaflets were being distributed among the crowd. President Kennedy had made many enemies. 
  •  Radical elements made statements, why don't we go to the root of the problem and eliminate the number one  man, JFK.  
  •  (Woman)This guy Leopoldo insisted we should do something, so immediately I realized that there was an assassination plot. 
  •  (Man)He says can you get me four automatic rifles with telescope sight on them. I got the money.  Money's no object. 
  •  (Man)It was a question of how and when not a question of whether as to the necessity of eliminating Kennedy. 
  •  (Man)Every week, every president receives threats to his life. I doubt there was any special threat to President Kennedy's life. 
  •  (Radio)It appears as though something has happened in the motorcade route. There has been a shooting, I repeat, a shooting in the motorcade in the downtown area. The President's car is now going past me. Now traveling at a very high rate of speed, secret service men standing up in the limousine they are armed with sub-machine guns. I see Mrs. Kennedy in pink suit. There is a secret service man spread eagle over the top of the car. At this point it looks as though one, or two, or all the people within the car may have been the victims, may have been hit by shots, we don't know. 
  •  (Radio)Parkland Hospital has been advised to stand by for a severe gunshot wound. Just now we have received reports at Parkland. Governor Connally was shot in the upper left chest, and the first unconfirmed reports say the President was hit in the head. It's an unconfirmed report that the President was hit in the head. The police say no, "You cannot come in here; you cannot come in here. We will let nobody else in. It was definitely the President." Just a moment, we have a bulletin coming in directly from Parkland Hospital. 
  •  (Radio)The President of the United States is dead. President Kennedy has been assassinated. It's official now; the President is dead. 
  •  (Radio)There's only one word to describe the picture here and that's grief. 
  •  80 minutes after the assassination Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested. The public events of that day in Dallas remain painfully familiar to most Americans, but it's  now possible for the first time to piece together some of what was going on behind the scenes using official government documents that have only recently become available. Without any investigation, the FBI director J. Edgar Hoover reported to attorney general  Robert Kennedy two hours after the assassination. "I think we have the man who killed the President." 
  •  The President's body came back to Washington on Air Force One, and everyone now had only one question: who killed John Kennedy and why? 
  •  As America mourned the lost leader, the new President, Lyndon Johnson, was determining how best to end speculation about the assassination. The massive solemnity of the last rites made it all the more difficult for Americans to accept that their President had been killed by a lone nut called Lee Harvey Oswald. So great an event could surely not have so pathetic a cause. Every sort of rumor with implications the new President found horrendous now sprang up. Some accused Johnson himself of being behind the assassination. Others saw the new President as the next target of a conspiracy aimed at destroying the whole system of American government. 
  •  On November 29 Chief Justice Earl Warren agreed to chair a presidential commission. The rumors must be quenched and speculation ended, Johnson told Warren. Deputy Attorney General Nicholas Katzenbach had already written to Johnson's top aide. The public must be satisfied that Oswald was the assassin and that he did not have confederates. After 10 months work, the Warren Commission produced its verdict. It exactly echoed the Katzenbach memo. Oswald was the lone assassin and there was no evidence of a conspiracy. The conclusions were presented as unanimous. The then Congressman Gerald Ford declared, "The monumental record of the Warren Commission will stand like a Gibraltar of factual literature through the ages to come." 
  •  (Schweiker)I think the Warren Commission has in fact collapsed like a house of cards. I believe that the Warren Commission was set up at the time to feed ... to the American people for reasons not yet known and one of the biggest cover ups in the history of our country occurred at that time. 
  •  Senator Schweiker's views are based on his official investigation into the performance of the FBI and the CIA at the time of the assassination. 
  •  (Schweiker)The most important thing was that the intelligence agencies did all the wrong things if they really were looking for conspiracy or looking for who killed John Kennedy. 
  •  Schweiker's committee was formed as a result of Watergate. Its findings, together with startling new evidence unknown to the Warren Commission, caused Congress to set up its own assassination committee. It has a larger staff and a larger budget than the Warren Commission, plus its own investigators. Its mandate includes a complete re-investigation of the murder of John F. Kennedy. 
  •  (Committee member)The committee will come to order. At this stage we are playing the cards very close to our vest. We don't want things to come out piecemeal and have speculation begin forming one line of inquiry, and so at this time we aren't revealing or going into any of the evidence.  
  •  The assassination's committee is now holding sessions behind closed doors after beginnings in public shambles. It's unlikely to issue a report this year, but it is now possible to make public the source of many of the committee's new leads. For years, many of the essential documents relating to the Kennedy assassination were classified under tight security in the National Archives but under the Freedom of Information Act many official documents under the government and its agencies would prefer to keep secret have been pried out. Within the past few months in much publicized releases, the FBI has made available some 80,000 pages of its own records about the assassination. Significantly however, the bureau has still held back 10% of its material claiming reasons of national security, or to protect informants, or on grounds of privacy. 
  •  Many documents released under the freedom of information act are a source of frustration. This CIA memo has half blank first pages, then a blank page and so on and on. Such industry by the censorious fueled suspicions that a cover up is continuing. 
  •  (Committee member)Well there have been some instances of files being, I guess you would say, maliciously held or destroyed. Let me give you an example without running the risk of maligning someone myself. Well we don't know what the motive is, and this is the kind of problem we run in to. The Pentagon has destroyed its Kennedy assassination files. The Army files on the Kennedy assassination has been destroyed, and we don't know why that was done.  
  •  (Announcer)Full name is Lee Harvey Oswald, O-S-W-A-L-D. 
  •  80 minutes after the assassination, Lee Harvey Oswald , an ex-marine, age 24, was arrested and charged with shooting a police officer. 
  •  (Oswald)I really don't know what the situation is about. Nobody has told me anything. I've been accused of murdering a policeman. I know nothing more than that. If I do I swear to tell that someone would come forward to give me legal assistance.(Reporter)Did you kill the President?(Oswald)No, I have not been charged with that. In fact nobody has said that to me yet. The first thing I heard about it was when the newspaper reported it then in the hall they asked me that question. 
  •  Dallas police produced the alleged Kennedy murder weapon. They claimed to have found it one hour after the assassination in the Texas School Book Depository and that it belonged to Lee Harvey Oswald. 
  •  (Report)Without any doubt he's the killer and the law says beyond a reasonable doubt to a moral certainty, which I, there's no questions that he was the killer of President Kennedy. 
  •  This photograph purportedly showing Oswald holding the murder weapon appeared on the cover of Life magazine in February 1964. It was one of two that had been found by police with Oswald's possessions the day after the assassination. The pictures appeared in the Warren Commission report and helped convince the American public of Oswald's guilt. On television two of the Warren Commission council and chief apologists made great play with the photograph. 
  •  (Commission member)We know that Oswald has possession of that rifle because we have him photographed with it and we have his wife saying that it was quote, "Faithful rifle of Lee Oswald." 
  •  We obtained the actual photographs that the Warren Commission used from the National Archives and showed them to a top forensic expert. Detective Superintendent Malcolm Thompson worked for 30 years in the forensic science laboratory and photographic unit in the British police force. His job was the spot fakes and match likenesses. Thompson minutely examined the Warren Commission photographs. Among other things he compared them with a photograph take of Oswald by the Dallas police. The Dallas police photo showed Oswald had a rather pointed chin. On the  Warren Commission photograph, even allowing for the shadow, the chin appeared unmistakably square. 
  •  (Thompson)One can only conclude that Oswald's head has been stuck onto a chin, not being Oswald's chin. Then to cover up the montage, retouching has been done, and when we consider this area of retouching here, one finds that there's a bulge in the line that without doubt shows this area between the head and the pillar has been retouched, but when one examines the shadowed content, one sees the gun at an angle to the  body, which does not relate to the angle in the shadow. The gun is reaching far more out to the right, more in the horizontal position here in relation to the body's shadow than the gun is actually being held by the person.(Reporter)Are you suggesting that those shadows have actually been touched in? (Thompson)They've been touched in. Again, the arm just doesn't look natural. In fact it looks as if it's been stuck on the body. 
  •  (Reporter)After examining these photographs, what is your professional opinion on them? (Thompson)I think they're fake. 
  •  Thompson's view was confirmed by the commanding officer of the Canadian Air Force Photographic Department. He found the heads were exactly the same size although the bodies were two centimeters different. He then made transparencies of the two heads, one read and one blue. He then superimposed the two supposedly different heads and found that they matched exactly, a photographic impossibility. 
  •  The Warren Commission's case against Oswald centered on the celebrated theory of the single bullet that allegedly went through both the President and Governor Connally to emerge virtually unscathed. One Warren Commission lawyer said, " To say they were hit by separate bullets is synonymous with saying that there were two assassins." In other words, two people were involved. 
  •  Newly released documents on the Warren Commission deliberations showed the members were far from unanimous about the controversial single bullet theory. Former Senator John Sherman Cooper is the first member of the Warren Commission to agree to talk on television about what went on inside the deliberations. 
  •  (Cooper)Yes there were disagreements. I think the most serious, the one I remember most vividly of course, was whether or not the first shot went through President Kennedy and then Governor Connally who was sitting on the seat in front of him. I heard Governor Connally testify strongly that he was not struck with the same bullet, and I could not convince myself that the same bullet struck both of them, although there are experts who say it could. (Reporter)You mean that you yourself didn't, weren't convinced by the single bullet theory, which- (Cooper)No I wasn't convinced. Neither was Senator Russell. 
  •  Just before he died in 1971, Senator Russell caused the first cracks in the Warren Commission's "Gibraltar of factual literature." Russell said publicly, "I think someone else worked with Lee Harvey Oswald."Dallas police chief Jessie Curry was in the motorcade just ahead of the President and cannot accept the Warren Commission view that the only shot came from behind. (Curry)I think there's a possibility that one could have come from in front of us. We've never been able to prove that, but just in my mind and by the direction of the blood and brains from the President, one of the shoots it would seem to have to be fired from the front rather than behind. I can't say that I would swear that I believe there was one man or one man alone. I think there's the possibility there could have been another man. 
  •  In his 12 hours of questioning by Dallas police, Oswald continuously denied he had shot the President. The notes of his interrogation have never been produced. The assistant attorney general of Dallas, William Alexander, was present at several of the interrogation sessions and he remains disturbed by the curious demeanor of Lee Harvey Oswald. 
  •  (Alexander)I was amazed that a person so young would have the self control that he had. It was almost as if he had anticipated the situation. It was almost as if he had rehearsed or programmed to meet the situation that he found himself in. It was almost as if he anticipated every question, every suggestion, every move that any of the people in charge of him made. (Reporter)Rehearsed by who?(Alexander)Who knows? 
  •  The question "who was Lee Harvey Oswald" is central to the mystery. It's now possible to reexamine Oswald's life in light of documentary evidence unknown to the Warren Commission or deliberately withheld. Oswald spent his early years in an orphanage. At the age of 17 he joined the U.S. Marine Corps. A year later he was sent to one of the most secret U.S. bases in the world: Atsugi, in Japan. From here the CIA operated spy flights over communist China using U2 reconnaissance planes. 
  •  Oswald became a radar operator, granted special security clearance with access to top secret codes and flight plans. Oswald was known as something of a loner. He began to learn Russian, and he earned the nickname "Comrade Oswaldkovich." A Marxist marine in a CIA base seemed a curious contradiction. He crossed paths with Sergeant Jerry Hemmings who also served in radar control at the Atsugi base and had been recruited by Naval Intelligence. 
  •  (Hemmings)The first time I met Oswald I felt he was working for somebody, and at that time I thought it was Naval Intelligence. (Reporter)What made you feel he was working for Naval In- (Hemmings)Well the questions he was asking and his obvious knowledge of my background! Somebody had briefed him. 
  •  In Autumn 1959, Oswald suddenly left the marines and went to Moscow. Unexplained money and an unlisted flight enabled him to arrive at the American embassy. There he told consul John McVickar, he intended to become a Soviet citizen and turn over American radar secrets. 
  •  McVickar felt "he was following a pattern of behavior in which he had been tutored by person or persons unknown... seemed to be using words he had learned but did not fully understand... in short, it seemed to me that there was a possibility that he had been in contact with others before or during his Marine Corps tour who had guided him and encouraged him in his actions." 
  •  Oswald went to work in a radio factory in the Russian city of Minsk. In America, at the same time, Oswald's identity for the FBI. In a secret memorandum, J. Edgar Hoover wrote on June 3, 1960, "there is a possibility that an impostor is using Oswald's birth certificate." Later another memo described that possibility as fact. 
  •  During his two and a half years in Russia, Oswald got married to Marina Prusakova, the niece of a Red Army colonel. He is thought to have been a Soviet intelligence officer. In 1962 Oswald was allowed to leave Russia for the United States. The defector was allowed back into the country with no hostile reception. Richard Sprague was the director of the House Assassination Committee at its formation. 
  •  (Sprague)His trip to Russia raised a number of questions we wanted to get into, for example, when any American went to Russian and renounced his American citizenship and subsequently changed his mind and wanted to come back to this country, upon returning to this country there was a thorough debriefing by the CIA. There was one exception as far as we could ascertain: Oswald. 
  •  (Schweiker)The key is why did they let him bring a Russian-born wife out contrary to present Russian policy. He had to get a special dispensation from the highest levels to bring his Russian born wife out. That in itself says that somebody was giving Oswald highest priority either because we had trained and sent him there, they went along and pretended they didn't know to fake us out, or in fact they had inculcated him and sent him back here and were trying to fake us out that way, but he got a green light that no other American had gotten at that particular point in time. 
  •  The CIA Deputy Director of Plans, Richard Helms, swore to the Warren Commission that the agency never had or contemplated any contact with Oswald. That testimony is now known to be false. A CIA document by an unnamed agent has recently been released under the freedom of information act. The officer writes "We showed intelligence interest in Oswald and discussed the laying on of interviews."  It is now known that the Soviet secret police, the KGB, did consider using Oswald, according to a top Soviet intelligence official who defected to America. 
  •  Ex-President Johnson said "I don't think the Warren Commission or me or anyone else is absolutely sure of everything that might have motivated Oswald, or others that could have been involved. But he was quite a mysterious fellow, and he did have connections that bore examination." 
  •  Shortly after his return from Russia, Oswald took a Greyhound bus to New Orleans. He lived there until September 1963, two months before the assassination. At the time, New Orleans was one of the centers of right-wing exiles from Castro's Cuba. 
  •  In New Orleans, Oswald remained true to his image as an amateur Marxist, and this time the cause was Cuba. Soon after arriving he was out on the streets distributing pro-Castro leaflets for the Fair Play for Cuba Committee. Oswald was the committee's local spokesman and only member, a futile gesture in the New Orleans of 1963. Oswald had pick the very issue which had bedeviled the Presidency of John F. Kennedy from the beginning. 
  •  Fidel Castro's takeover was already a most urgent problem when Kennedy reached the White House. Dr. Carlos Bringuier, a rabidly anti-Communist Cuban exile encountered Lee Harvey Oswald in New Orleans. Today, as then, Bringuier has no doubt about Oswald or who was behind his actions.  
  •  (Bringuier)Lee Harvey Oswald killed President Kennedy. Lee Harvey Oswald killed Officer Tippit. Lee Harvey Oswald was a Marxist. Lee Harvey Oswald was a Castro follower. It has been proven that the Kennedy government was trying to get rid of Castro. I am sure that Castro get rid of Kennedy. 
  •  In the months before the assassination, billboards in the streets of Havanna blatantly identified Cuban public enemy #1: President John F. Kennedy. In three months before the assassination, Fidel Castro publicly warned "United States leaders should realise that if they are aiding terrorist plans to eliminate Cuban leaders they themselves will not be safe." Today, Castro denies he had anything to do with the assassination. 
  •  (Castro)Why? Because we do not believe that the system is abolished by liquidating the leaders. It is the system we oppose, the reactionary ideas, not the men. Our reaction to the assassination was one of grief because it seemed to us a painful, tragic way for Kennedy's life to end. 
  •  Unknown to President Kennedy throughout his time at the White House, the CIA was hatching an extraordinary series of assassination plots against the life of Fidel Castro. These plots were never revealed to the Warren Commission even though one of its members, Allen Dulles, had himself been Director of the CIA when the plans were conceived. In 1976 one of the plots coordinators secretly informed the government he believed some of his associates had gone on to murder the President. 
  •  The sensational revelation detailed in the Senate Intelligence Committee report was that the CIA had recruited hitmen for the anti-Castro plots by making a deal with the Mafia. This is how it happened. The CIA according to the Senate Intelligence Committee commissioned one of its consultants Robert Maheu, the right hand to Howard Hughes, to set up the contract. Johnny Roselli, mob leader in Los Vegas, was the first contact. He recruited Sam Giancana, the Chicago Mafia leader, who in turn brought in Santo Trafficante, the man who had been at the top of the Havana Mafia before Castro took over. 
  •  The fashionable Fontainebleau Hotel Miami was the setting for one of the first meetings between the CIA and the Mafia. Among those present was a man who now calls himself Doctor Peters. He has now chosen to live in a remote mountain farmhouse thousands of miles away from Miami. 
  •  (Dr. Peters)We arrived at the Fontainebleau Hotel. We checked into a private suite that was occupied by Mr. John Roselli of Los Angeles and Vegas and Sam Giancana of Chicago. I recall we were all down in the boom-boom room having food and drinks. Now as this conversation developed I learned that Mayhey through the CIA had a contract to have Castro killed. The method to be used was a liquid, a little bottle, that was to be administered in  his food, and it wouldn't take effect for two or three days. It would make the person ill, but it would take two or three days to kill him, but then the autopsy would not show the poison. 
  •  (Reporter)So why did the CIA need to go to the Mafia?(Dr. Peters)They had no other way of getting people to Cuba. You had to have some individual or somebody that knew a lot of Cuban and knew the type of Cubans that could be prevailed upon to get into such a plot.(Reporter)Who would those contacts in Havana- (Dr. Peters)Well the main contact would have been Santo Trafficante. 
  •  Santo Trafficante was a man with good reason to join any murder plots against Fidel Castro. In pre-revolutionary days, Havana had been the world capital of organized crime. Trafficante was one of its bosses. There was a profit of $100 million a year from gambling, prostitution, drugs, luxury hotels, but under Castro everything changed. Within 18 months the hotels were deserted, casinos nationalized, and Santo Trafficante was in jail. The humiliated mafioso now had a common cause with America's invisible government. 
  •  (Interviewee)Things did go on at the CIA that the President didn't entirely know about. That's become clear in the investigations of subsequent CIA activities in Cuba, most particularly the attempts to assassinate Castro. President Kennedy simply knew nothing about it. (Reporter)You're saying that President Kennedy didn't know the attempts by the CIA, the plots by the CIA to assassinate Castro? (Interviewee)Correct (Reporter)Did the President know about the liaison there was, clearly, between the CIA and the Mafia? (Interviewee)No. (Reporter)Although this had come to the notice of Robert Kennedy. (Interviewee)Yes, I shouldn't say no so categorically because I wasn't privy to all private conversations between the two of them, again, bear in mind that that was the liaison established before the Kennedy administration took office. It was brought to the attention of Robert Kennedy in context which indicated that liaison had ended, so Robert Kennedy merely dismissed it saying "You ever get into anything like this again, I better know about it."  Hadn't it ended he would have brought it to the attention to the President. 
  •  In the years after the assassination of the President, Robert Kennedy was reportedly tormented by the notion that the CIA-Mafia plot had backfired against his brother. 
  •  Judge Burt Griffin was one of the legal counsel for the Warren Commission. He now feels that the Commission was duped by the CIA, which concealed its assassination plots against Castro. (Griffin)I feel betrayed. I feel that the CIA lied to us, that we had an agency of government here that we were depending upon that we expected to be truthful with us and to cooperate with us, and they didn't do it. CIA concealed from us the fact that they knew that they were involved in efforts to assassinate Fidel Castro, which could have been of extreme importance to us. (Reporter)Especially as the CIA were involved with working with the Mafia at the time. (Griffin)Of course, of course. If that had been told, it would have completed a set of links to a whole range of investigations that based on the evidence that we did have seemed to be speculative and unlikely to be productive. 
  •  One such area of evidence was a further episode in the strange travels of Lee Harvey Oswald, and it involved Cuba. Allegedly he traveled to Mexico City, and according to the Warren Commission, made a visit to the Soviet embassy and twice with an urgent request for permission to visit Havana to the Cuban embassy. The Commission examined Oswald's visa to Mexico: number 24085, but in the list of other applicants made in New Orleans the same day the FBI said it could not identity the person next to Oswald: 24084. 
  •  It was not true.  We now know the second traveler's identity. The missing name was William George Godey. His name has been revealed only because of a bureaucratic blunder when another FBI document was declassified. At the time he received his visa for Mexico immediately before Oswald, Godey was and had been for years an operative for the CIA.  
  •  (Godey)I cannot account for why my name was not on that list, and it actually should have been on it. Now again, who was responsible? I don't know. People have inferred that maybe, because of my CIA connections it would be better if the name was deleted from that list. I have no control over what the CIA did or didn't do down in Mexico.(Reporter)You're saying it was pure coincidence that your name was on the list next to his?(Godey)I would say so, yes. I know it's hard to believe because the word coincidence keeps cropping up in everything I seem to do. I'm just loaded down with coincidences, but I'll  have to let it go at that. 
  •  The new assassination's committee has reopened the investigation in Oswald's alleged visit to Mexico City, and the story has grown stranger and stranger. The Soviet and Cuban embassies in Mexico City were under 24 hour surveillance by the CIA. Phone calls supposedly made by Oswald were tapped, and every person who entered the embassies was photographed by hidden cameras. 
  •  But as the record now reveals, these were the photographs which the CIA produced, and according to the CIA, they purport to show a man who identified himself as Lee Harey Oswald entering the Cuban embassy. 
  •  (Sprague)The photographs allegedly of Oswald going into the Cuban embassy as we all know in fact were not photographs of Oswald. Secondly it turned out that those photographs, even if they were of the wrong person, you would expect they would be of a person entering the Cuban embassy. But it turns out they are photographs of someone entering the Russian embassy, and the questions is raised how could they mix up even what building they're talking about. In addition, when we inquire where were the photographs you took of people who entered the Cuban embassy on the day in question, we are told that the cameras did not work that day, and we then want to start talking- I want to talk to the camera people. I want to find out is that true. That's where we get stopped. 
  •  (Schweiker)Unbeknownst to me and deliberately denied to me during the hearings of my subcommittee was another set of photographs of this same man. We put Lee Harvey Oswald's name on them. We say we now don't know where he is, and we deliberately withheld from the Warren Commission and my committee two other photographs of this man in two separate changes of clothing. A cover up is going on. (Reporter)On whose instructions do you think those photographs could have been withheld now from your committee. (Schweiker)Well it has to be someone very high up in government who doesn't want it to come out. I don't know who held it up, but all I can say is I'm sure it's at the highest level because I think this whole thing points to being at the highest level. 
  •  Because Oswald's alleged phone calls to the Russian and Cuban embassies in Mexico City were allegedly recorded, the CIA presented the Warren Commission with a transcript of what he supposedly said, but it claimed the actual tapes were destroyed before President Kennedy's murder. The House Assassinations Committee learned differently. 
  •  (Sprague)The CIA said that they had reused that tape prior to the assassination of President Kennedy yet the FBI has a document stating their agents listened to the tape after the assassination of President Kennedy, and the voice on there was not Oswald's. In addition, the CIA  presented a transcript of that conversation. We had interviewed the typist who typed it up who said the transcript presented was not in fact what was typed up by whoever it was who spoke in that conversation. These are areas that I wanted to get into. 
  •  There is now new evidence that someone in the CIA did try to implicate Cuba in the assassination and on top of that confused the investigation into the activities of the real Lee Harvey Oswald. Antonio Vessiano was once a CIA operative. He says that within days of the assassination, his CIA case officer asked him to persuade his cousin Rise, in Cuba's embassy in Mexico, to say Oswald had been there.  
  •  (Vessiano)He questioned me "Do you think we can offer good money, a good deal of money, to Rise. He can accept that he worked with Lee Harvey Oswald in Mexico. (Reporter)So you think that the American case officer, the American intelligence officer, was trying to make up a story? (Vessiano)Yes. (Reporter)Why did you never give this information to the Warren Commission? (Vessiano)I never received a subpoena. I never received a court. In my profession, you know this is a risk to talk and now after 15 years, but in that time it's better to be quiet and be silent. 
  •  (Castro)Sometimes we ask ourselves if someone did not wish to involved Cuba in this because I'm under the impression that Kennedy's assassination was organized by reactionaries in the United States and it was under orders of a conspiracy. This is my opinion, but my impression is that the man who carried it out was a propagator. 
  •  The great hope of the Cuban exiles during Kennedy's Presidency was the amphibious landing at the Bay of Pigs. Instead, it was a victory for Castro. In the wake of the exiles defeat President Kennedy seemed to provide the boost of morale the exiles needed. 
  •  (John F. Kennedy)Castro and his fellow dictators may rule nations. They do not rule people. They may imprison bodies, but they do not imprison spirits. They may destroy the exercise of liberty, but they cannot eliminate the determination to be free. 
  •  Thousands of dispossessed Cubans gathered to hear the President in Miami, and the promise in his words was just what they wanted to hear. 
  •  (Kennedy)I can assure you that this flag with be returned to this brigade in a free Havana. 
  •  The speech was rapturously received, but in the crowd were many who blamed Kennedy for not intervening at the Bay of Pigs. U.S. authorities were now actually preventing many guerrilla raids against Castro, and some suspected Kennedy was going soft on Communism. In the eyes of some CIA trained militants Kennedy had become a traitor to the cause. 
  •  At that time in late 1962 Jerry Hemming, ex-marine and intelligence operative, was training  Castro guerrillas.  He worked with some of the most violent Cuban militants with the most passionate feelings about the exile cause. 
  •  (Reporter)Were you ever offered money to assassinate President Kennedy? (Hemming)Directly, on numerous occasions. In our activities seeking support from Cuban exiles we encountered people from most of the, what we'd call a varied political spectrum, the majority of them right-wingers, conservatives, anti-Communists. Within these elements, groups of people, there were quite a few very outspoken. As relationships developed and time went on, some of them very poignantly made statements as to how to resolve the Communist menace, how to resolve Castro. Quite often it would boil down to "Why are we wasting our time trying to get Castro? Why don't we go to the root of the problem and eliminate the Communist in Washington, the number 1 man, JFK." 
  •  In the six months before the assassination, Lee Harvey Oswald stepped into another role and created new mysteries. This was to be perhaps the most contradictory episode of all. For during his time in New Orleans, Oswald on the street, the pro-Castro agitator, cultivated opposite causes and unlikely friends. Oswald went privately to offer his services and military experience to Carlos Bringuier who was a leading member of an exile organization set up by the CIA. 
  •  (Bringuier)He was claiming he was anti-Castro, that he had experience in guerrilla warfare and training in the marines, and he was willing to think he wants to fight against Castro. 
  •  Two days later Bringuier was outraged to see Oswald handing out pro-Castro leaflets. 
  •  (Bringuier)I encountered him with the sign "viva Castro" and- "Viva Fidel" was the reading of the sign. (Reporter)"Viva Fidel." (Bringuier)"Viva Fidel," and he- I was surprised when it was the same man that has been in my store offering his service to train Cubans.  
  •  United States Senator from Pennsylvania, Richard Schweiker, on his suspicions of the Warren Commission Report 
  •  United States Senator from Kentucky, John Sherman Cooper, talks about his experience on the Warren Commission 
  •  Dallas Police Chief Jesse Curry on multiple shots during the assassination 
  •  Dallas Assistant District Attorney William F. Alexander on the interrogation of Lee Harvey Oswald 
  •  Chief Counsel Richard A. Sprague on Lee Harvey Oswald’s Soviet associations 
  •  Senator Schweiker on Oswald being allowed back into the U.S. despite Soviet affiliations 
  •  Judge Burt W. Griffin on the CIA’s role in the Warren Commission’s investigation 
  •  Counsel Sprague and Senator Schweiker on a photograph coverup 
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This 1978 documentary examines the assassination of President John F. Kennedy that took place in Dallas on November 22, 1963. Through interviews with key figures in government investigations into the assassination, reports, and declassified documents, it exposes inconsistencies in the Warren Report and misleading actions and attempted coverups by the CIA and FBI. It also examines the story of Lee Harvey Oswald and his many associations, Jack Ruby’s background and possible motivations, and possible Mafia ties to the conspiracy to assassinate the president. The film argues through its presented evidence that Oswald acting alone is an unlikely possibility and that there were many deceptions, and perhaps complicity, by the government, primarily the CIA and FBI. (Part 1 of 2)
John F. Kennedy
Kennedy, John F.
John Fitzgerald Kennedy
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Kennedy, John
Jack Kennedy
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Connally, Nellie
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Johnson, Lyndon B.
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Kennedy, John F., Jr.
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J.F.K. Jr.
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Hoffa, James Riddle
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