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Women In Agriculture (1976)

Ouida Whitaker Dean

Sound | 1976

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  •  Introduction 
  •  Interview with teenage girls enrolled in first co-ed Agriculture “Ag” class at their high school (Timpson) 
  •  Interview with Mrs. Hairgrove, a female cattle rancher 
  •  Interview with Mrs. Brinson, another farmer 
  •  Interview with Mrs. Richardson, who gives a chicken-processing demonstration, including the use of an interesting chicken-plucking machine 
  •  Interview with Mrs. Hill, who, without previous farming experience, moved with her husband from the city to the country and started a life in agriculture 
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This amateur documentary made by Ouida Whitaker Dean in 1976 focuses on women in agriculture in the rural East Texas town of Timpson, as well as in America at large. The film investigates the importance and relevance of agricultural training for women as the local high school agriculture class opens to girls for the first time in the school’s history.
A self-taught photographer, Ouida Whitaker Dean decided to learn filmmaking in her late thirties so that she could bring moving image production into her Shelby County high school classroom. After attending a seminar at the Rice Media Center, she launched an “Artists in Schools” media program, a joint effort of Texas Commission on the Arts and Humanities and the National Endowment for the Arts. With two school-bought cameras and her own camera, Dean and her students shot silent footage around the town of Timpson. She participated in the production of the films both on and off screen, personally editing the films at home.
Created just a year after the integration of the local public schools, many of the films eloquently capture the shifting socio-cultural, ethnic, and economic realities of East Texas in the 1970s. Dean also aspired to capture the area’s experience of the women’s rights movement, pitching her idea for Women in Agriculture (1976) to her students during the second year of the program. Perhaps her most compelling work, the film features candid interviews with community women discussing their roles on family farms. Dean, however, was dismissed from her teaching position not long after the film was completed, and Women in Agriculture was never publicly shown. Although she won a wrongful termination lawsuit against the school board, Dean never returned to teaching, choosing instead to continue her work in journalism, regional history, and photography.

Donor Ouida Dean wrote the Archive about this film and said:

"Women in Agriculture" was a 1976 Timpson High School film. There are also outtakes from our filming this project, some of which have been digitized by the Texas Archive of The Moving Image.

We shot about 18 three-minute rolls of film, cutting it to a little over 22 minutes (to fit into a 30-minute time slot). Female students had been restricted to an all-girls class if they wanted take Ag prior to the 1975-76 school year.

We interviewed 3 women who were actively involved with agricultural activities, including the economic aspects of their work.
The site for this session, with 3 of the 4 students in the film, occurred alongside U.S. Hwy 59 in Shelby Co. in Deep East Texas - hence the audio background sounds. The fence is part of the enclosure used by Nat [ far R ] to do her barrel racing practice.