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Manned Space Flight Quarterly Report No. 25, April-June 1969

Hardin-Simmons University Library

Sound | 1969

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  •  Apollo 10 
  •  Maneuvers in lunar orbit 
  •  Does five-o’clock shadow exist in space? 
  •  Preparations for Apollo 11, including astronaut training at the Manned Spacecraft Center in Houston  
    Disinfecting tests off the coast of Galveston
  •  About the mobile quarantine facility 
  •  Developments in the Apollo Applications Program 
  •  Neil Armstrong practices with the Lunar Landing Training Vehicle at Ellington Air Force Base in Houston 
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This NASA government film reviews developments in its space program between April and June 1969. The report first covers the goals and objectives of Apollo 10, detailing the many problems encountered during the mission. We also get an update on the progress of Apollo 11 equipment testing and astronaut training, most notably of which is the lunar timeline studies that required Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin to perform the activities planned for their time on the lunar surface. The report next details the development of the Apollo Applications Program’s Orbital Workshop, airlock module, multiple docking module, and telescope mount. To conclude this report, we see Armstrong successfully complete lunar landing simulations while flying the Lunar Landing Training Vehicle.
As the scope of the American space program grew, NASA’s Space Task Group realized it would need to expand into its own facility if it were to successfully land a man on the Moon. In 1961, the agency’s selection team chose a 1,000-acre cow pasture in Houston, Texas, as the proposed center’s location site, owing to its access to water transport and commercial jet service, moderate climate, and proximity to Rice University. In September 1963, the facility opened as the Manned Spacecraft Center (MSC). 
The Center became the focal point of NASA’s manned spaceflight program, developing spacecraft for Projects Gemini and Apollo, selecting and training astronauts, and operating the Lunar Receiving Laboratory. Beginning with Gemini 4 in June 1965, MSC’s Mission Control Center also took over flight control duties from the Mercury Control Center at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. As a result, the facility managed all subsequent manned space missions, including those related to Projects Gemini and Apollo, the Apollo Applications Program, the Space Shuttle Orbiters, and the International Space Station.
In 1973, the MSC was renamed in honor of the late President and Texas native Lyndon B. Johnson. (As Senate Majority Leader, Johnson sponsored the 1958 legislation that established NASA.) The Center continues to lead NASA’s efforts in space exploration, training both American and international astronauts, managing missions to and from the International Space Station, and operating scientific and medical research programs.