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Sound | 1960s

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  •  Down syndrome is most commonly caused by trisomy 21, or when a person possesses a full or partial extra copy of chromosome 21. Approximately 6,000 babies are born with Down syndrome in the United States every year.  
  •  Harris County Center for the Retarded, formerly known as the Houston Association for Retarded Children and now known simply as the Center. Established in 1950, the organizations provides a number of services to help those with intellectual and developmental disabilities achieve personal independence.  
  •  Dr. Frank Borreca, the Center’s first executive director, explains the importance of support programs and the kind of services that the Center offers. Borreca led the organization for 35 years.  
  •  Rose Marie “Rosemary” Kennedy, older sister to President John F. Kennedy, developed intellectual disabilities following a lack of oxygen at birth. Patriarch Joe Kennedy arranged for his 23-year-old daughter to receive a prefrontal lobotomy. The failed surgery left Rosemary permanently incapacitated. The Kennedys immediately institutionalized her, essentially excising her from the family and publicly denying her condition for 20 years. Rosemary’s sister, Eunice Kenedy Shriver, established the Special Olympics in 1968.  
  •  In the classroom 
  •  Exercise programs 
  •  Judgment training 
  •  Homemaking class 
  •  On the the workshop floor 
  •  Manager Jim Gonzales explains the function of the factory and reprimands an employee 
  •  History of the Center 
  •  Dr. Borreca describes the agency’s primary goal as well as other programs not featured in the film 
  •  Weekly dance activity 
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Produced by Houston’s KPRC-TV, this 1960s television news documentary examines the educational and vocational programs offered by a local agency now known as the Center. Established in 1950 as the Harris County Center for the Retarded, the facility supports individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Narrator Ray Miller reviews a number of the Center’s services, including classroom instruction, exercise regimens, and vocational training. Writer and photographer Gary James also speaks with the Center’s executive director, Dr. Frank Borreca, about the necessity of the facility. Please note, this film uses derogatory and dated language to describe persons with Down syndrome and other intellectual disabilities. The Texas Archive of the Moving Image does not condone the use of the words “mongoloid” or “retarded,” but presents this film as it was originally created, because to do otherwise would be the same as to claim these terms never existed.
Newsman Ray Miller (1919 - 2008) began his broadcasting career in 1938 in his home town of Fort Worth. He relocated to Houston soon thereafter, where he joined KPRC Radio. When KPRC purchased Houston’s first television station in 1951, Miller adopted the burgeoning medium, eventually winning a Peabody Award. In 1969, Miller created The Eyes of Texas, a regional television series examining all things Texas. On the air for 30 years, the series became Houston’s longest-running local television program. Miller retired in 1979, serving as news director at both KPRC Radio and KPRC-TV for over 40 years. During his decades-long tenure at KPRC, Miller mentored a number of journalists, including Dan Rather and former US Senator Kay Bailey Hutchison. 
After retiring from television production, Miller became a local historian, writing several books and travel guides about historic attractions in Houston and Galveston. He also worked with the Harris County Historical Commission to secure markers for numerous sites.