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The KHOU-TV Collection - News Clips, March 1966

Houston Metropolitan Research Center

Sound | 1966

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  •  Peter Hope on Rhodesia Situation, 03/28/66: Sir Peter Hope, British intelligence officer and diplomat, speaks about the motives behind British foreign policy regarding Rhodesia (now known as Zimbabwe). He discusses Great Britain’s decision to use economic sanctions, rather than military invasion, to overthrow Rhodesia’s new government run by Ian Smith. In 1965, Smith signed the Unilateral Declaration of Independence, separating itself from Great Britain. British Prime Minister Harold Wilson labeled the declaration as racist and illegal, urging all countries and Rhodesians to ignore the post-UDI government. Wilson refused to overthrow the government, enforcing economic sanctions instead. He banned the supply of oil to Rhodesia as well as the import of Rhodesian goods to Britain.  
  •  Mrs. Albert Thomas, 03/30/66: Lera Millard Thomas, widow to former Congressman Albert Richard Thomas, speaks briefly about her election to Congress. Albert Thomas passed away in February 1966. Lera Thomas took over his late husband’s seat in March to become the first woman elected to Congress from Texas. After finishing her term, Thomas worked for the Houston Chronicle in Vietnam and then founded Millard’s Crossing Historic Village in Nacogdoches.  
  •  Lay in Architect Meeting, 03/30/66 
  •  Apollo Crew Named, 03/30/66: NASA names the first Apollo flight crew: Command Pilot Virgil “Gus” Grissom, Senior Pilot Edward White, and Pilot Roger Chaffee. The first manned Apollo mission, originally named AS-204, was scheduled for launch on February 21, 1967. During launch rehearsal on January 27, a fire broke out in the Command Module with the three astronauts fully suited and strapped into their benches. All three men died in the blaze. NASA consequently postponed all manned space flight missions for over a year. Apollo 7. launched on October 11, 1968, became the first manned Apollo mission.  
  •  Seated far left is Joseph Shea, manager of the Apollo Spacecraft Program Office. Next to him are astronauts Rusty Schweickart and James McDivitt, who served on the Apollo 1 backup crew alongside San Antonio-native David Scott. Apollo 1 crewmen Chaffee, White, and Grissom, and an unknown NASA official complete the table.  
  •  Shea outlines the objectives of the mission 
  •  Charter Commission, 03/30/66 
  •  Larry Fultz, 03/31/66: Houston Police Inspector Larry Fultz sits at his desk, surrounded by paperwork. In addition to working as police inspector, Fultz also worked as attorney at law, head of juvenile for Harris County, and director of security at the University of Houston.  
  •  Douglas in Big Thicket, 03/31/66: Supreme Court Justice William Orville Douglas (left) and Liberty Mayor Dempsie Henley (right) take a walk through the forests of the Big Thicket and shakes hands with a member of the Alabama-Coushatta nation. Douglas served on the Supreme Court for over 36 years, making his term the longest in the court’s entire history. He was a well-known conservationist, leading protests, securing legal environmental protections, and jump-starting the modern environmental movement. Douglas visited East Texas in the spring of 1966 as part of his tour of the Big Thicket region. He came to see one of Big Thicket’s most prized possessions, a 1000-year old magnolia. By the time he arrived, however, an unknown person had injected the tree with a metallic poison until it died. Douglas was appalled at the lack of public lands in Texas and even wrote a book one year later titled, Farewell to Texas: A Vanishing Wilderness. 
  •  Rockwoll [sic] from File, 03/ /66: George Lincoln Rockwell eats lunch in a cafeteria, most likely at Rice University. Rockwell, the founder of the American Nazi Party, gave a lecture at Rice on January 7. Two days later, Rockwell returned to the campus for a debate against Ben Levy, chairman of the Houston Socialist Forum, about antiwar demonstrators. While studying at Brown University, Rockwell began to argue against equality and integration. His anti-Semitic and racist political activism developed when he moved to San Diego at the beginning of the Korean War, becoming a full supporter of Adolf Hitler and Nazism, denying the Holocaust and eventually forming the American Nazi Party. On August 25, 1967, members of Rockwell’s party shot and killed him in front of a laundromat.  
  •  Pickets/Welch, 03/ /66: Picketers march outside the supermarket where police fatally shot Eugene Edward Hill, a black man, on February 24. Patrolman J. L. Reece stated that he was attempting to search Hill under suspicion of shoplifting. According to him, Reece shot Hill in self-defense after a scuffle broke out over getting into a squad car. Protests led by the Reverend D. Leon Everett II, pastor of the Jerusalem Missionary Baptist Church, began mere hours after the shooting. Picketers demonstrated outside the store for several days, urging customers to shop elsewhere. Everett also sent letters to both Mayor Louie Welch and Police Chief Herman Short asking for a full investigation. Welch responds here by insisting that the courts will justly handle the case.  
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This film from KHOU-TV Channel 11 in Houston contains a series of short news segments that would have aired as highlights to news stories. Many are silent and would have been voiced over by the anchorperson during a live broadcast. The titles for each segment are the originals created by KHOU-TV. The clips on this reel all date from March 1966. This series includes news segments about the naming of the first Apollo Flight Crew, protests of a civilian shooting, and footage of Supreme Court Justice William Orville Douglas in Big Thicket.
The digital preservation of this collection was made possible by a grant to the Texas Archive of the Moving Image and the Houston Public Library from the Texas State Library and Archives Commission and the U.S. Institute of Museum and Library Services.
Many more films from the KHOU-TV Collection are available on the Houston Public Library Houston Area Digital Archives website.
As the scope of the American space program grew, NASA’s Space Task Group realized it would need to expand into its own facility if it were to successfully land a man on the Moon. In 1961, the agency’s selection team chose a 1,000-acre cow pasture in Houston, Texas, as the proposed center’s location site, owing to its access to water transport and commercial jet service, moderate climate, and proximity to Rice University. In September 1963, the facility opened as the Manned Spacecraft Center (MSC). 
The Center became the focal point of NASA’s manned spaceflight program, developing spacecraft for Projects Gemini and Apollo, selecting and training astronauts, and operating the Lunar Receiving Laboratory. Beginning with Gemini 4 in June 1965, MSC’s Mission Control Center also took over flight control duties from the Mercury Control Center at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. As a result, the facility managed all subsequent manned space missions, including those related to Projects Gemini and Apollo, the Apollo Applications Program, the Space Shuttle Orbiters, and the International Space Station.
In 1973, the MSC was renamed in honor of the late President and Texas native Lyndon B. Johnson. (As Senate Majority Leader, Johnson sponsored the 1958 legislation that established NASA.) The Center continues to lead NASA’s efforts in space exploration, training both American and international astronauts, managing missions to and from the International Space Station, and operating scientific and medical research programs.
Described as one of the most biodiverse areas in the world outside of the tropics, the Big Thicket is a heavily forested area occupying much of Hardin, Liberty, Tyler, San Jacinto, and Polk Counties in Southeast Texas. The region fosters a wide variety of vegetation and wildlife, including at least eight different kinds of plant communities and around 350 species of birds.
Until the 1880s, the economic history of the thicket primarily consisted of subsistence farms, with inhabitants running hogs and cattle and hunting small game. In the 1880s, however, the lumber industry began opening up more land for farming and grazing. And in 1901, the Sour Lake oil field ushered in a period of frantic activity. 
By the 1920s, concern began to rise regarding the natural devastation of the lumber and oil industries. In 1927, R.E. Jackson formed the East Texas Big Thicket Association to initiate formal efforts at saving the area. While the organization gained support during the 1930s, the need for timber during World War II caused the movement to fall into neglect. Conservation efforts resurfaced during the early 1960s with the establishment of the Big Thicket Association. Led by Lance Rosier and Dempsie Henley, the organization pushed to give Big Thicket national-park status. In 1974, Congress passed such a bill, written by Charles Wilson and Bob Eckhardt, establishing an 84,550-acre Big Thicket National Preserve. In 1981, the area was also designated as a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO.
The Alabama-Coushatta tribe of Texas is a federally recognized Native American tribe of Alabama and Koasati peoples located in Polk County. The tribe’s ancestors migrated from what is now Alabama to the Big Thicket region of East Texas in the late eighteenth century due to growing pressures from European-American settlement. Notwithstanding the friendly relations established between the Alabamas and Koasatis with their new neighbors, the tribes once again felt the pressure of increased settlement after the annexation of Texas by the United States in 1845. 
In 1853, Alabama Chief Antone, tribal subchiefs, and citizens of Polk County petitioned the Texas legislature for land to establish a reservation. The state approved, purchasing 1,110.7 acres of land to create the Alabama Indian reservation the following year. In 1855, the legislature appropriated funds to purchase an additional 640 acres for the Koasatis, but allegedly found no suitable open land available in Polk County. With the permission of the Alabama people, the Koasatis settled on the Alabama reservation in 1859. Following an additional land grant in 1928, the Alabama-Coushatta Indian Reservation now spans 4,593.7 acres. 
Politician Louie Welch was born in Lockney, Texas, on December 9, 1918. He received a degree in history from Abilene Christian College, now Abilene Christian University.
Welch began his political career in 1950, serving four terms on the Houston City Council. He unsuccessfully sought the Houston mayoral office three times before being elected to the position in 1963. Houston grew immensely during Welch’s five terms as mayor, from the population topping one million people to the opening of the Astrodome in 1965 and the Houston Intercontinental Airport in 1969. 
His tenure, however, was not without its controversy. A 1967 conflict between police and Texas Southern University students created a rift between the local administration and Houston’s African-American community. Welch’s reputation also came under fire during his last term over his relationship with well-known crime leaders, leading to suspicions about how his second mayoral bid was financed. 
In 1985, Welch ran for mayor again, campaigning in opposition to the extension of job protection rights to homosexuals employed by the city government. He lost to incumbent Kathy Whitmore. 
Welch died from lung cancer on January 27, 2008, in his Harris County residence. He was 89.
Harris County
Houston Public Library
Houston Metropolitan Research Center
Texas Treasures
KHOU Channel 11
KHOU 11 News
television news
tv news
news footage
news report
Sir Peter Hope
Hope, Peter
British government
Rhodesia Bush War
foreign policy
economic sanctions
United Nations
security council
Prime Minister
Mrs. Albert Thomas
Thomas, Albert
Albert Richard Thomas
Thomas, Albert Richard
Lera Millard Thomas
Thomas, Lera Millard
living room
Western Union Telegram
Speaker of the House
streets signs
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
outer space
space travel
space flight
space program
space mission
Apollo program
Project Apollo
Apollo 1
flight crew
Virgil Grissom
Grissom, Virgil
Gus Grissom
Grissom, Gus
Virgil “Gus” Grissom
Edward White
White, Edward
Edward H. White II.
White, Edward H. II
Roger B. Chaffee
Chaffee, Roger, B.
Roger Chaffee
Chaffee, Roger
Manned Spacecraft Center
Johnson Space Center
Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center
space center
field center
meeting room
charter commission
Insp. Larry W. Fultz
Fultz, Larry W.
police officer
Big Thicket
Big Thicket National Preserve
William Orville Douglas
Douglas, William Orville
Supreme Court Justice William Douglas
American Holly
tree trunk
Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas
George Lincoln Rockwell
Rockwell, George Lincoln
American Nazi Party
Rice University
super market
civil rights
police violence
police brutality
Eugene Edward Hill
Hill, Eugene Edward
Houston Mayor
mayor of Houston
Louie Welch, Welch, Louie
Grand Jury
police officer
district attorney’s office
law enforcement
press conference
Joseph Shea
Shea, Joseph
Rusty Schweickart
Schweickart, Rusty
James McDivitt
McDivitt, James
Jim McDivitt
McDivitt, Jim
Supreme Court justice
Dempsie Henley
Henley, Dempsie