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The KHOU-TV Collection - News Clips, February 26 - 29, 1968

Houston Metropolitan Research Center

Sound | 1968

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  •  Artificial Heart, 02/26/68: Dr. Charles William Hall, a member of the heart team at Baylor University College of Medicine, criticizes the lack of promised support from the city towards the development of an artificial heart. Calling for a congressional hearing, Hall then refers to the situation “the worst scandal in the history of America.”  A pioneer in biomaterials and artificial organs research, Hall directed the Baylor team’s artificial heart program. He left Baylor in September 1968 to join the staff of the Southwest Research Institute in San Antonio. 
  •  Welch on School Board, 02/26/68: Houston Mayor Louie Welch explains the math behind changes to the assessment of property taxes 
  •  Bush on New Bill, 02/26/68: Congressman George H. W. Bush expresses his hope for bipartisan support for proposed legislation 
  •  Hines on Drugs, 02/27/68: A city official comments on the success of an education initiative about LSD and the challenges of developing one for another prevalent drug, marijuana 
  •  Cowboy Davis on Liquor by the Drink, 02/27/68: KHOU reporter Judd McIlvain talks with State Representative Cletus “Cowboy” Davis about Texas liquor laws. In 1971, the Texas Legislature responded to a public referendum by creating a mixed beverage permit authorized on a local-option basis. Davis served in the Texas House of Representatives from 1967 to 1971.  
  •  Welch Gets Red, 02/27/68: Nurses with the American Red Cross attach organization patches on the coat of Houston Mayor Louie Welch 
  •  LBJ-At Connally, 02/28/68: President Lyndon B. Johnson makes a surprise appearance at Texas Governor John Connally’s 51st birthday party—a black-tie dinner held at the Gregory Gymnasium on the University of Texas at Austin campus. “There is no man on this earth that I would rather have by my side than John Connally,” Johnson said in his brief speech. Others friends of Connally honored the governor by endowing the John B. Connally Chair in Civil Jurisprudence at the University of Texas School of Law.  
  •  Regan [sic] House in Houston, 02/28/68: J. R. “Butch” Butler, state chairman of Texans for Ronald Reagan, explains the purpose of the organization and predicts when the then governor of California would announce his candidacy for president. The group opened its state headquarters in Houston at the end of February 1968. Reagan did run for president in the election, but lost the Republican nomination to former Vice President Richard Nixon. 
  •  Shooting, 02/27/68: Police and paramedics respond to a shooting at a Der Wienerschnitzel restaurant 
  •  Investigators on the scene of a fatality at a Houston-area lounge 
  •  Hi-Jacker Caught, 02/29/68: Police hold a robbery suspect while they inventory the weapons and valuables they seized during arrest 
  •  Mayor’s Show, 02/29/68: In a televised appearance before the Rotary Club of Houston, Houston Mayor Louie Welch takes questions about a construction contract, most likely the Houston Intercontinental Airport 
  •  Commissioner’s Court, 02/29/68: Meeting of the Harris County Commissioners Court 
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This film from KHOU-TV Channel 11 in Houston contains a series of short news segments that would have aired as highlights to news stories. Many are silent and would have been voiced over by the anchorperson during a live broadcast. The titles for each segment are the originals created by KHOU-TV. The clips on this reel all date from February 26-29, 1968. This series includes news segments about the development of an artificial heart, drug prevention education programs, and a shooting at a Der Wienerschnitzel. Also included is an appearance by President Lyndon B. Johnson and Governor John Connally’s 51st birthday party.
The digital preservation of this collection was made possible by a grant to the Texas Archive of the Moving Image and the Houston Public Library from the Texas State Library and Archives Commission and the U.S. Institute of Museum and Library Services.
Many more films from the KHOU-TV Collection are available on the Houston Public Library Houston Area Digital Archives website.
Politician Louie Welch was born in Lockney, Texas, on December 9, 1918. He received a degree in history from Abilene Christian College, now Abilene Christian University.
Welch began his political career in 1950, serving four terms on the Houston City Council. He unsuccessfully sought the Houston mayoral office three times before being elected to the position in 1963. Houston grew immensely during Welch’s five terms as mayor, from the population topping one million people to the opening of the Astrodome in 1965 and the Houston Intercontinental Airport in 1969. 
His tenure, however, was not without its controversy. A 1967 conflict between police and Texas Southern University students created a rift between the local administration and many of Houston’s African Americans. Welch’s reputation also came under fire during his last term over his relationship with well-known crime leaders, leading to suspicions about how his second mayoral bid was financed. 
In 1985, Welch ran for mayor again, campaigning in opposition to the extension of job protection rights to homosexuals employed by the city government. He lost to incumbent Kathy Whitmore. 
Welch died from lung cancer on January 27, 2008, in his Harris County residence. He was 89. 
George Herbert Walker Bush is the 41st President of the United States and the father of George W. Bush, the 43rd President of the United States. 
Bush was born on June 12, 1924, in Milton, Massachusetts, to Prescott Bush, a US senator from Connecticut, and Dorothy Walker Bush. He spent his youth in Greenwich, Connecticut, and Andover, Massachusetts, where he become involved in student government, sports, and the school newspaper. Following the attack on Pearl Harbor, he became an aviator for the US Navy. 
Bush married Barbara Pierce in 1945, and they eventually had six children: George, Robin, John (called Jeb), Neil, Marvin, and Dorothy. After earning a degree from Yale University, Bush moved to Midland, Texas, to work in the oil industry, eventually starting two companies. The family then moved to Houston, where Bush began to pursue a career in politics and served as chairman of the Republican Party in Harris County. After a failed campaign for US Senate, he won an election to the US House of Representatives in 1966 and served two terms for Texas. In 1970, he attempted to win a seat in the Senate, but lost again. 
After this defeat, Bush was appointed by President Richard Nixon to be an ambassador to the United Nations. He then served as chairman of the Republican National Committee, chief of the US Liaison Office in the People's Republic of China, and director of the CIA. In 1980, Bush lost the Republican nomination for president, but was chosen as Ronald Reagan’s running mate. He was Vice President of the United States from 1981 to 1989. 
Following Reagan’s second term, Bush was elected president. During his term, he secured a peaceful partnership with Russia at the end of the Cold War, and he led Operation Desert Storm to free Kuwait from Iraq. Despite these successes, Bush’s popularity suffered due to the weak economy, and he lost reelection for a second term to Bill Clinton. He and Barbara returned to Houston in 1992, where they continue to live. 
Thirty-sixth president of the United States, Lyndon B. Johnson, was born on a hill country farm near Stonewall, Texas, on August 27, 1908, to Samuel Ealy Johnson, a former Texas legislator, and Rebekah Baines Johnson. He attended Southwest Teachers College, now Texas State University, graduating with a degree in history and social science in 1930. LBJ spent one year as principal and teacher in Cotulla, educating impoverished Hispanic elementary school students. He became the secretary to Texas Congressman Richard M. Kleberg in 1931; the four-year position helped him gain influential contacts in Washington. Johnson married Claudia Alta “Lady Bird” Taylor on November 17, 1934.
LBJ acted as Director of the National Youth Administration in Texas from 1935 to 1937. Johnson won his first legislative election in 1937 for the 10th Congressional District, a position he held for 11 years. He was a firm supporter of President Roosevelt’s New Deal and in 1940 acted as Chairman of the Democratic Campaign Committee. In 1948, following his service as a Lieutenant Naval Commander during World War II, LBJ ran as the Democratic nominee for Senate. In a cloud of controversy, he narrowly defeated former Texas Governor Coke Stevens and easily beat his Republican opponent in the general election. Before winning his second Senate term, LBJ was elected Majority Whip in 1951, became the youngest ever Minority Senate Leader in 1953, and was voted Majority Leader in 1954. Johnson unsuccessfully ran for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1960 but was selected to be Vice President under John F. Kennedy. 
Johnson was sworn in as Commander and Chief aboard Air Force One following President Kennedy’s assassination on November 22, 1963, and won reelection in 1964. As President, he passed landmark legislation with the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Debate over military efforts in Vietnam intensified in late 1963 when the President stated that the United States would not withdraw from Southeast Asia. Escalation of the war against North Vietnam brought disapproval from Democrats, claiming the efforts were misguided, and from Republicans who criticized the administration for not executing sufficient military vigor. Antiwar protests, urban riots, and racial tension eroded Johnson’s political base by 1967, which further dissolved following the Tet Offensive in January 1968. On March 31, 1968, Johnson announced that we would not seek a second presidential term.
After returning to Texas, Johnson oversaw the construction of the Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum on the University of Texas at Austin campus. Throughout his political career, LBJ was an influential figure in Texas affairs; his policies brought military bases, crop subsidies, government facilities, and federal jobs to the state. After suffering a massive heart attack, Johnson died at his ranch on January 22, 1973. In February of the same year, NASA’s Manned Spacecraft Center in Houston was renamed the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center in honor of one of the country’s most influential Texans.
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