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The KHOU-TV Collection - News Clips, August 6 - 14, 1968

Houston Metropolitan Research Center

Sound | 1968

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  •  Security Preps, 08/06/68: Preparations at Delmar Stadium before a George Wallace campaign rally. The third-party presidential candidate made a 10-hour visit to Houston on August 6 before flying on to Montgomery, Alabama. Wallace first attended a fundraising dinner at the Rice Hotel. That evening, he addressed a capacity crowd of 12,500 at a high school stadium. Wallace rose to national prominence through his opposition to racial integration as governor of Alabama. In 1963, he blocked the entrance to Foster Auditorium at the University of Alabama in a symbolic attempt to prevent two African-American students from enrolling. The incident, later known as the “Stand in the Schoolhouse Door,” prompted President John F. Kennedy to federalize the Alabama National Guard to command Wallace to step aside. In the 1968 presidential election, Wallace ran as the American Independent Party candidate on a segregationist platform. He did not expect to win the race, but sought to garner enough electoral votes to prevent either major party candidate from winning the necessary majority. The House of Representatives would then decide the election, and Wallace hoped that southern states could use their influence to halt federal desegregation efforts. Wallace won five states, amassing 46 Electoral College votes. Republican candidate Richard Nixon nevertheless acquired enough electoral votes, 301, to handily win the election.   
  •  A member of local law enforcement comments on security at the Wallace event. Dick Smith, a Wallace aide, told reporters that 15 to 20 threats were made on the candidate’s life during his visit to Houston. Uniformed and plain-clothed officers reportedly ringed Delmar Stadium during the rally.  
  •  Hunting License, 08/12/68: A sheriff’s deputy comments on the eligibility of bow hunters to gain restricted access during hunting season 
  •  Convention TV Coverage, 08/06/68: Reporter Dick John points out the volume of press personnel covering the Republican National Convention, outnumbering delegates 3 to 1 
  •  Outhouse, 08/14/68 
  •  School Guards, 08/14/68: KHOU reporter Ron Pierce asks a school crossing guard about union wage demands of the Houston City Council 
  •  School Board, 08/14/68: Gertrude Barnstone, a member of the Houston Independent School District Board of Trustees, expresses her opposition to the board’s decision to raise lunch prices. She favored free lunches for poor students. Barnstone also comments on demonstrations by the NAACP, and her wish for their grievances to be heard before the full board.  
  •  Mayor on American Party, 08/12/68: Houston Mayor Louie Welch responds to city support of the American Party’s state convention 
  •  Mayor on Water, 08/12/68: Mayor Welch recommends raising the water rate to meet the minimum production cost 
  •  Accident, 08/12/68: Fire fighters respond to a serious car accident while first responders treat injured motorists 
  •  LBJ, 08/14/68: Crowds welcome President Lyndon B. Johnson to the historic Shamrock Hilton Hotel. Johnson flew to Houston to address the 73rd Annual Convention and Scientific Assembly of the National Medical Association. The NMA is a professional and scientific organization representing African-American physicians and their patients. During his speech, the President implored delegates to not abuse the Medicare program by unnecessarily charging higher fees.  
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This film from KHOU-TV Channel 11 in Houston contains a series of short news segments that would have aired as highlights to news stories. Many are silent and would have been voiced over by the anchorperson during a live broadcast. The titles for each segment are the originals created by KHOU-TV. The clips on this reel all date from August 6 to 14, 1968. This series features news segments about preparations for a George Wallace campaign rally and policy disagreements among the Houston school board. Also included is an appearance by President Lyndon B. Johnson at the National Medical Association’s annual convention in Houston.
The digital preservation of this collection was made possible by a grant to the Texas Archive of the Moving Image and the Houston Public Library from the Texas State Library and Archives Commission and the U.S. Institute of Museum and Library Services.
Many more films from the KHOU-TV Collection are available on the Houston Public Library Houston Area Digital Archives website.
Gertrude Levy Barnstone was born in Houston, Texas, on September 25, 1925. A lifelong artist, she began studying art at the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, at age seven. Sculpture soon became her preferred medium, with Barnstone later incorporating metal and glasswork into her art. In the early 1990s, she co-founded the Artist Rescue Mission to support artists in Sarajevo during the Bosnian War. The organization continues to assist artists living in areas of conflict.  
Barnstone’s activism began decades earlier. Frustrated by the Houston Independent School District’s resistance to desegregation, she ran for and won a seat on the school board in 1964. With colleagues Hattie Mae White and Asberry Butler, Barnstone successfully pushed to racially integrate Houston’s public schools. She served on the board for five years. In the 1970s, Barnstone joined the board of the American Civil Liberties Union of Texas. The organization’s Greater Houston chapter awarded her the Lifetime Achievement in Civil Liberties award in 1995. 
Politician Louie Welch was born in Lockney, Texas, on December 9, 1918. He received a degree in history from Abilene Christian College, now Abilene Christian University.
Welch began his political career in 1950, serving four terms on the Houston City Council. He unsuccessfully sought the Houston mayoral office three times before being elected to the position in 1963. Houston grew immensely during Welch’s five terms as mayor, from the population topping one million people to the opening of the Astrodome in 1965 and the Houston Intercontinental Airport in 1969. 
His tenure, however, was not without its controversy. A 1967 conflict between police and Texas Southern University students created a rift between the local administration and many of Houston’s African Americans. Welch’s reputation also came under fire during his last term over his relationship with well-known crime leaders, leading to suspicions about how his second mayoral bid was financed. 
In 1985, Welch ran for mayor again, campaigning in opposition to the extension of job protection rights to homosexuals employed by the city government. He lost to incumbent Kathy Whitmore. 
Welch died from lung cancer on January 27, 2008, in his Harris County residence. He was 89. 
Thirty-sixth president of the United States, Lyndon Baines Johnson, was born on a hill country farm near Stonewall, Texas on August 27, 1908, to Samuel Ealy Johnson, a former Texas legislator, and Rebekah Baines Johnson. He attended Southwest Teachers College, now Texas State University, graduating with a degree in history and social science in 1930. LBJ spent one year as principal and teacher in Cotulla, educating impoverished Hispanic elementary school students. LBJ became the secretary to Texas Congressman Richard M. Kleberg in 1931; the four-year position helped him gain influential contacts in Washington. Johnson married Claudia Alta “Lady Bird” Taylor on November 17, 1934.
LBJ acted as Director of the National Youth Administration in Texas from 1935 to 1937. Johnson won his first legislative election in 1937 for the Tenth Congressional District, a position he held for 11 years. He was a firm supporter of President Roosevelt’s New Deal and in 1940 acted as Chairman of the Democratic Campaign Committee. In 1948, following his service as a Lieutenant Naval Commander during World War II, LBJ ran as the Democratic nominee for Senate. In a cloud of controversy, he narrowly defeated former Texas Governor Coke Stevens and easily beat his Republican opponent in the general election. Before winning his second senate term, LBJ was elected Majority Whip in 1951, became the youngest ever Minority Senate Leader in 1953, and was voted Majority Leader in 1954. Johnson unsuccessfully ran for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1960 but was selected to be Vice President under John F. Kennedy. 
Lyndon Johnson was sworn in as Commander and Chief aboard Air Force One following President Kennedy’s assassination on November 22, 1963, and won reelection in 1964. President Johnson passed landmark legislation with the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Debate over military efforts in Vietnam intensified in late 1963 when the President stated that the United States would not withdraw from Southeast Asia. Escalation of the war against North Vietnam brought disapproval from Democrats, claiming the efforts were misguided, and from Republicans who criticized the administration for not executing sufficient military vigor. Antiwar protests, urban riots, and racial tension eroded Johnson’s political base by 1967, which further dissolved following the Tet Offensive in January 1968. On March 31, 1968, President Johnson announced that we would not seek a second presidential term.
After returning to Texas, Johnson oversaw the construction of the Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum on the University of Texas campus in Austin. Throughout his political career, LBJ was an influential figure in Texas affairs; his policies brought military bases, crop subsidies, government facilities, and federal jobs to the state. After suffering a massive heart attack, former President Johnson died at his ranch on January 22, 1973. In February of the same year, NASA’s Manned Spacecraft Center in Houston was renamed the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, in honor of one of the country’s most influential Texans.