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America Welcomes President Ayub (1961)

Gordon Wilkison

Sound | 1961

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  •  July 11th, 1961 
  •  Trumpets herald the arrival in Washington of the Pakistani jetliner bearing Pakistani President Ayub Khan.  
  •  First to great President Ayub is American President John F. Kennedy. 
  •  With president Ayub is his lovely daughter, Begum Aurangzeb. The two presidents are joined by American Secretary of State Dean Rusk and other dignitaries. 
  •  Mrs. Kennedy and Begum Aurangzeb exchange greetings. 
  •  President Ayub makes his way along the reception line, while President Kennedy greets each member of the visiting Pakistani party.  
  •  Prominent among them are Pakistan's Minister of External Affairs Manzur Qadir and Minister of Finance Muhammad Shoaib. 
  •  It is a great pleasure and great honor for me to welcome our distinguished visitor, the President of Pakistan. We are glad to have you here, because you come as the head of an important and powerful country which is allied with us in SEATO, which is associated with us in CENTO, which represents a powerful force for freedom in your area of the world. 
  •  I am overwhelmed by the warmth of reception Mr. President, you have given me, and very kind words you have expressed about my country and its relationship with your country.  
  •  I am looking forward to having the opportunity of exchanging views with you and I have no doubt that our area of understanding will enlarge as a result of it and our friendship will get stronger.  
  •  Full military honors are paid to President Ayub, World War II veteran of the Burma front, and the former commander of his country's armed forces.  
  •  In Mr. Kennedy's new presidential limousine, the two presidents acknowledge the cheers of the crowds.  
  •  The end of the parade finds the presidential party at the Blair House, the President's official guest house where the distinguished visitor will stay for the first three days of his eight day visit in the United States. 
  •  A few miles up the Potomac River from Washington is Mt. Vernon, home of George Washington, the first President of the United States. 
  •  President Ayub and his daughter are the guests of Mr. and Mrs. Kennedy at state dinner there. It is the first time a state dinner is held at this historic shrine.  
  •  The sixteen mile trip provides lovely views of the natural beauties along the banks of the Potomac. 
  •  A winding road leads up to the house which is at the top of a steep hill overlooking the river. 
  •  Many guests are awaiting President Ayub and President Kennedy. Among them are some of the chief diplomatic and political figures of the United States. 
  •  As part of the opening ceremony, a small bronze bust of George Washington is presented to the Pakistani leader. 
  •  As a special entertainment, a military pageant of colonial times is enacted. 
  •  A platoon of soldiers, dressed in the period of the American Revolution, performs a drill. A fife and drum corps furnishes music of nearly two centuries ago. 
  •  The state dinner takes place outdoors, on George Washington's favorite sweep of lawn, overlooking the river. President Ayub described the canopy, specially constructed for the occasion, as an American shamiana. 
  •  At the dinner President Kennedy, speaking for all Americans, says that no one could be a more welcome guest than President Ayub. 
  •  The following day, President Ayub goes to fulfill one of the primary purposes of his trip to the United States, to exchange views with President Kennedy and to become personally acquainted with him.  
  •  Before an unusually large representation of the international press, President Ayub confers with President Kennedy and Vice President Johnson.  
  •  They stress the need of the nations of the free world to attain unity in order to promote international peace and insure national security.  
  •  In response to a special invitation, President Ayub is on his way to address a joint session of the Congress of the United States. The two houses will convene together as a single honor to the visiting head of state. 
  •  I regard it as a great privilege to have been given the opportunity to address this august body, the most powerful, and the most distinguished representative institution in the world. I come from Pakistan. 
  •  In his address, President Ayub reviews the grave problems which face his country. He tells the representatives of the American people that if Pakistan is to retain its dearly loved freedom, it must modernize its education, its agriculture and its industry.  
  •  He acknowledges the great value of American assistance to Pakistan and states that his country takes a keen interest in the way things go in the United States.  
  •  Ending his address, he expresses his confidence that the friendship between Pakistan and the United States will continue to grow in strength.  
  •  Washington's Islamic Center and Mosque is one of the many beautiful religious centers in the nation's capital.  
  •  President Ayub arrives to visit this place of worship for Washington's Muslims.  
  •  In the courtyard the President observes a fountain, which is a replica of on in the Alhambra in Spain.  
  •  The visitor is guided through the mosque by its director, Dr. Mahmoud Hoballah.The visitor is guided through the mosque by its director, Dr. Mahmoud Hoballah. 
  •  President Ayub is pleased to visit this great center in America for research on Islam.  
  •  The Embassy of Pakistan is the scene of a meeting between President Ayub and Pakistani residents of Washington.  
  •  Speaking to students among them, the President stresses the importance of their coming to the United States to study.  
  •  He adds that on their return home, he trusts that they will put their knowledge at the service of their country.  
  •  The National Press Club is a meeting place of some of the world's most influential newsmen. By special invitation, President Ayub comes to speak before them. 
  •  Mr. President, gentlemen, I feel rightly honored to have been given the opportunity to come to this world famous institution and to have the opportunity to see you gentlemen. I'm most impressed by the number of intelligent faces I see all around me. 
  •  After his remarks, President Ayub invites the questions of the reporters. In answer to one question, he states that the goal of his government's domestic program is the unification of his people with common values and its strong national purpose. 
  •  The newsmen respond warmly to the outspoken and candid answers of the Pakistani leader. 
  •  That evening, President Ayub gives a gala reception and banquet in honor of President and Mrs. Kennedy.  
  •  Begum Aurangzeb and Mrs. Kennedy arrive together, followed President Ayub and President Kennedy. 
  •  Former President Eisenhower and Mrs. Eisenhower are also guests. Prominent at all the official functions are Ambassadors Aziz Ahmed of Pakistan and William Roundtree of the United States. 
  •  As the reception line is being formed, the host makes sure that his guests all talk to each other and that everyone enjoys himself. 
  •  Washington's most brilliant political and diplomatic figures are President Ayub's guests. This glittering gala is a fitting climax to his Washington visit. 
  •  Next morning the President and his daughter leave Washington for New York City. New York City, America's largest metropolis, city of skyscrapers, home of 8 million people, site of the headquarters of the United Nations. 
  •  The welcome traditionally reserved by the city for its most distinguished visitors is a ticker-tape parade. 
  •  Tons of confetti and festoons of paper ribbons are showered on President Ayub as he makes his way up the thronged thoroughfare. 
  •  The turnout is large and enthusiastic as thousands of New Yorkers proud to welcome a man who has proved himself the champion of a free people.  
  •  In quieter surroundings, President Ayub attends a reception given in his honor by New York Mayor Robert Wagner.  
  •  The garden of the mayor's residence is filled with people who have come to greet the President. A young pretty New Yorker presents the visitor with a symbol of the city's friendship. 
  •  Among the fortunate people to have the opportunity of meeting the President are diplomats, New York political leaders, and distinguished private citizens. 
  •  Leaving New York City, the President flies to San Antonio, Texas.  
  •  The Alamo is known across the country as the cradle of liberty in the Southwestern United States. There, a handful of men, lead by the legendary Davy Crockett, held off a large invading army.  
  •  As everywhere in America, a large crowd welcomes President Ayub.  
  •  Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson, a native of the region, accompanies President Ayub on his tour.  
  •  From San Antonio, they go to the Vice President's ranch, where everything has been prepared to welcome the President. He and Begum Aurangzeb are to be weekend guests there. 
  •  An old fashioned Texas barbeque has been laid out for the visitor. This is a help yourself occasion with everyone taking as much or as little has he wants.  
  •  50 Pakistani students are guests at the ranch. The informality makes it possible for them to talk to the President about their studies.  
  •  The President is not familiar with the tin cup from which coffee is traditionally drunk at these affairs.  
  •  A band of singers in Mexican dress provides entertainment for the guests. Mexican culture is very much a part of life in Texas and the American southwest. 
  •  The state capital at Austin is President Ayub's next stop. There, he will address a session of both houses of the Texas State Legislature, specially convened in his honor.  
  •  Taking leave of Texas, the President flies back to New York. 
  •  In New York, the United Nations prepares to welcome one of its staunchest supporters. 
  •  President Ayub is warmly greeted by United Nations Secretary General Dag Hammarskjöld, who is holding a dinner in honor of his distinguished guest.  
  •  Pakistan's Ambassador to the United Nations, Syed Hassan, accompanies the President. 
  •  The President and the Secretary General take advantage of their meeting to hear each other's views on many questions of international importance. They conclude that Pakistan's continued cooperation in the United Nations will result in immense mutual benefit.  
  •  Next morning, everything is in readiness for President Ayub's departure. 
  •  Great numbers of reporters have followed him to the airport, hoping to get one last statement to the press. President Ayub has become favorite of American newspapermen, impressing them with his willingness to give forthright answers to their questions.  
  •  President Ayub has become favorite of American newspapermen, impressing them with his willingness to give forthright answers to their questions.  
  •  The distinguished visitor hears a word of farewell from the New York policemen who escorted him to the airport. He tells reporters he is struck by the warmth and spontaneity with which the American people welcomed him whereever he went. 
  •  As he returns to his country, President Ayub leaves a people impressed by his force and loyalty, and a nation convinced of the solid friendship between the United States and Pakistan. 
  •  Ayub Khan at the Alamo in San Antonio 
  •  LBJ entertains Ayub Khan at the LBJ Ranch near Stonewall  
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In July 1961, President Mohammad Ayub Khan of Pakistan, accompanied by his daughter Begum Nasir Akhtar Aurangzeb, paid a state visit to the United States. This film, produced by the United States Information Service, recounts the events of President Ayub's trip. Highlights include a state dinner at Mt. Vernon, a visit to the Islamic Center of Washington, and a ticker tape parade in New York City. President Ayub's visit also included a trip to San Antonio where he toured and laid a wreath at The Alamo, followed by a barbecue at Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson's ranch in Stonewall.
Thirty-sixth president of the United States, Lyndon B. Johnson, was born on a hill country farm near Stonewall, Texas on August 27, 1908 to Samuel Ealy Johnson, a former Texas legislator, and Rebekah Baines Johnson.  He attended Southwest Teachers College, now Texas-State University, graduating with a degree in history and social science in 1930. LBJ spent one year as principal and teacher in Cotulla, educating impoverished Hispanic elementary school students. LBJ became the secretary to Texas Congressman Richard M. Kleberg in 1931; the four year position helped him gain influential contacts in Washington. Johnson married Claudia Alta “Lady Bird” Taylor on November 17, 1934.
LBJ acted as Director of the National Youth Administration in Texas from 1935 to 1937. Johnson won his first legislative election in 1937 for the Tenth Congressional District, a position he held for eleven years. He was a firm supporter of President Roosevelt’s New Deal and in 1940 acted as Chairman of the Democratic Campaign Committee. In 1948, following his service as a Lieutenant Naval Commander during World War II, LBJ ran as the Democratic nominee for Senate. In a cloud of controversy, he narrowly defeated former Texas Governor Coke Stevens and easily beat his Republican opponent in the general election.  Before winning his second senate term, LBJ was elected Majority Whip in 1951, became the youngest ever Minority Senate Leader in 1953, and was voted Majority Leader in 1954. Johnson unsuccessfully ran for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1960 but was selected to be Vice-President under John F. Kennedy. 
Lyndon Johnson was sworn in as Commander and Chief aboard Air Force One following President Kennedy’s assassination on November 22, 1963 and won reelection in 1964. President Johnson passed landmark legislation with the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Debate over military efforts in Vietnam intensified in late 1963 when the President stated that the United States would not withdraw from Southeast Asia. Escalation of the war against North Vietnam brought disapproval from Democrats, claiming the efforts were misguided, and from Republicans who criticized the administration for not executing sufficient military vigor. Antiwar protests, urban riots, and racial tension eroded Johnson’s political base by 1967, which further dissolved following the Tet Offensive in January 1968. On March 31, 1968, President Johnson announced that we would not seek a second Presidential term.
After returning to Texas, Johnson oversaw the construction of the Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum on the University of Texas campus in Austin. Throughout his political career, LBJ was an influential figure in Texas affairs; his policies brought military bases, crop subsidies, government facilities, and federal jobs to the state. After suffering a massive heart attack, former President Johnson died at his ranch on January 22, 1973. In February of the same year, NASA’s Manned Spacecraft Center in Houston was renamed the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, in honor of one of the country’s most influential Texans. 
Claudia Alta “Lady Bird” Taylor was born in Karnack, Texas on December 22, 1912. Lady Bird, the nickname given by nursemaid Alice Tittle, attended high school in Marshall and junior college at Dallas’ St. Mary’s Episcopal College for Women. In 1933 through 1934, she received a Bachelor of Arts in history and a Bachelor of Journalism from the University of Texas at Austin. 
Mutual friends introduced Lady Bird to congressional aide and rising political star, Lyndon Baines Johnson. LBJ proposed on the couple’s first date and the two were married a month later on November 17, 1934. Lady Bird financed her husband’s first congressional campaign for Austin’s Tenth District using a portion of her maternal inheritance. During World War II, Lady Bird ran the congressional office while LBJ served in the US Navy.  In 1943, Lady Bird purchased Austin Radio station KTBC. The station proved an integral part of the LBJ Holding Company and became the main source of the Johnson family’s fortune. 
LBJ’s political career gained momentum in the post war years, and in 1960, he became Vice President to John F. Kennedy. Lyndon Johnson was sworn in as Commander and Chief aboard Air Force One following President Kennedy’s assassination on November 22, 1963. As first lady, Lady Bird initiated the Society for a More Beautiful National Capitol and worked with the American Association of Nurserymen to promote the planting of wildflowers along highways. In 1964, the first lady traveled through eight southern states aboard her train, “The Lady Bird Special,” to foster support for LBJ’s presidential re-election and the Civil Rights Act. She was influential in promoting the Highway Beautification Act of 1965, referred to as “Lady Bird’s Bill,” and the Head Start program .
Following the death of LBJ in 1973, Lady Bird turned her attention to Austin. The Town Lake Beautification Project transformed Austin’s downtown lake, renamed Lady Bird Lake in 2007, into a useable recreation area. On December 22, 1982, Lady Bird and Helen Hays founded the National Wildflower Research Center outside of Austin. The Wildflower Center was established to increase awareness and research for North American flora.  During her lifetime, the former first lady received the highest civilian award, the Presidential Medal of Freedom, in 1977 and the Congressional Gold Medal in 1988. Lady Bird died of natural causes on July 11, 2007, survived by two daughters, seven grandchildren, and  ten great-grandchildren.